The Inventor of Email
Innovation any time, any place, anybody
Bookmark and Share

The First Email System


In 1978, UMDNJ had three campus locations in New Jersey: Newark, Piscataway and New Brunswick. EMAIL was used by workers on these campuses as a public and commercially viable system. EMAIL was delivered as one holistic platform, that integrated an easy-to-use interface, a word processor, a relational database (to support folders, archival, sorting and many other features not possible with flat-file based approaches), with a modular intercommunications protocol. EMAIL consisted of nearly 50,000 lines of code, using a high-level programming language (FORTRAN IV) and HP IMAGE/1000 database system, written solely by VA Shiva Ayyadurai.

Main Subroutine of EMAIL


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Main Subroutine


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Examples of Programming Code from EMAIL, the First Email System
Developed by VA Shiva Ayyadurai While Working at UMDNJ


The figures are “snapshots” (about 10 to 15 lines) of portions of code, in aggregate of no more than 500 lines , which are just a small part of a much larger code base of nearly 50,000 lines, written in FORTRAN IV, portions of which were submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012. They are an illustrative subset of the many components of EMAIL, the first email system.


Unlike the developments on the ARPAnet, EMAIL was built to address a systems problem in the ordinary office situation using local area and wide area networks (LANs and WANs), where computers across offices and multiple campuses were connected --- independent of the ARPAnet. UMDNJ had any contact with the ARPAnet. EMAIL was meant to be a widely shared system of ongoing communication by ordinary workers, not computer scientists who knew code. EMAIL was developed with a focus on user-friendliness and high-reliability, and deployed as a commercial product, where nearly 500 office workers accessed, and used it.


After the invention of EMAIL, from 1982 onwards, other products with the same functions and interlocked components used in EMAIL appeared in rapid succession.

Group Management Menu


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Group Management


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Place User in a Group


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Place User


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Displaying Groups


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Displaying Groups


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Creating Groups


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Creating Groups


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Deleting Groups


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Deleting Groups


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Adding Users


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Adding Users


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Deleting Users


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Deleting Users


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Adding Zipnode (new network)


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Adding Zipnode


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Displaying a Zipnode


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Displaying Zipnode


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Postmaster/Administration Functions


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Postmaster/Administration Functions


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Starting up the entire email system


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Starting Up


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Forwarding/Redistribution


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Forwarding/Redistribution


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Inbox


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Inbox


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Scanning Email


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Scanning Email


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Read Mail


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Read Mail


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

"To:"


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System To


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

"From:"


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System From


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

"Date:"


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Date


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

"Subject:"


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Subject


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Limiting "Subject" to 70 Characters


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Limiting Subjects


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

"Body:"


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Body


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Save Memo as Draft


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Save Memo


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Composing Memo


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Composing Memo

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Composing Memo


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Outbox


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Outbox


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Registered Memo


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Registered Memo


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Sending Memo to Group


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Sending Memo


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Registered Carbon Copy


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Registered Carbon Copy


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Broadcast Memo


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Broadcast Memo


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Sending Memo to an Individual


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Sending Memo


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Multi-level User Access


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Multi-level User Access


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Saving Attachments


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Saving Attachments


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Restricting Group Access


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Restricting Group


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

"CC:"


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System CC


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Forwarding with Return Receipt


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Forwarding with Return Receipt


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Attachment Editor


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Attachment Editor


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Address Book


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Address Book


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Displaying Address Book


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Displaying Address Book

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Displaying Address Book


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Printing


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Printing


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Formatted Printing


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Formatted Printing


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Creating Attachment from Scratch


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Creating Attachment


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Creating Attachment from Scratch


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Creating Attachment

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Creating Attachment


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Attaching to a Memo


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Attaching to a Memo


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Deleting


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Deleting


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Return Receipt


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Return Receipt


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Undeliverable Notification


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Undeliverable Notification


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Memo Formatting


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Memo Formatting


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Relational Database Engine


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Relational Database Engine


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Prioritization


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Prioritization


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Groups


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Groups


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Mail System Maintenance


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Mail System


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Secure Access Using User Name and Password


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Secure Access


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Shutdown of the Entire System


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Shutdown of the Entire System


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Deleting Zipnode


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Deleting Zipnode


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

Drafts


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System Drafts


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

"BCC"


VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System BCC


Code sample copy submitted for issuance of US Government Copyright on August 30, 1982 and donated to Smithsonian Institution on February 16, 2012.

V A Shiva - Inventor of Email
VA Shiva Ayyadurai's Personal Statement on Invention of Email
VA Shiva at the age of 14, Newark, 1978.As a Lecturer at the MIT, 2012.
Link to Podcast of VA Shiva Ayyadurai's Interview with SBS Australia Radio
Noam Chomsky on VA Shiva Ayyadurai's Invention of Email
Dr. Leslie Michelson on VA Shiva Ayyadurai's Invention of Email
V A Shiva - Inventing EMAIL

Learning Programming
@ NYU, 1978

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: Learning Programming, 1978

EMAIL was named in 1978 in FORTRAN IV

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: EMAIL was named in 1978 in FORTRAN IV

West Essex Tribune, 1980

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First Email System, 1980

Westinghouse Award Entry, 1981

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: Westinghouse Award Entry, 1981

Westinghouse Award, 1981

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: Westinghouse Award, 1981

MIT Tech Talk, 1981

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: MIT Tech Talk, 1981

First US Copyright for EMAIL, 1982

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: First US Copyright for EMAIL, 1982

COMAND, 1982

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: COMAND, 1982

EMAIL User's Manual Copyright, 1982

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: EMAIL User's Manual Copyright, 1982

EMS Copyright, 1984

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: EMS Copyright, 1984

Beyond Email

U.S Patent: Relationship Management System and Method using Asynchronous Electronic Messaging, 2003

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: Relationship Management System and Method using Asynchronous Electronic Messaging, 2003

U.S Patent: System and Method for Content-Sensitive Automatic Reply Message Generation, 2004

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: U.S Patent: System and Method for Content-Sensitive Automatic Reply Message Generation, 2004

U.S Patent: Filter for Modeling System and Method for Handling and Routing of Text Based Aynchronous Commmunications, 2004

VA Shiva Ayyadurai, the Inventor of Email: Filter for Modeling System and Method for Handling and Routing of Text Based Aynchronous Commmunications, 2004

© 2012 - 2014  International Center for Integrative Systems. All Rights Reserved.